This is very old local variety, which has been cultivated in Bulgaria since the times of the ancient Thracians. In the past it was the most widely spread variety in our country. Today its plantations are highly limited. It is also cultivated in Yugoslavia, Albania, and Turkey (around Odrin), Greece, Hungary and Romania.
The bunch is medium in size (16.4/10.1 cm), cylindrical-conical, semi-compact to loose. The grape is small (15.6/14.4 mm), oval, weakly attached to the stem and juicy. The skin is thin, frail, red and sometimes dark red.
Pamid is a middle-ripening variety – the vintage is around the middle of September. Its fertility is excellent. The average yield from one vine is around 4-5 kg. The grapes are not particularly resilient to grey mildew and they have medium resilience to low winter temperatures. This variety is comparatively resilient to drought and does not need a particular kind of soil. Grapes with best quality are cultivated in hilly areas with light drained soils. Shasla x Berlandieri 41 B is the most appropriate rootstock for it.
This grape is prefered for fresh consumption. It accumulates sufficient sugar – from 18 to 24%, but its acidity is low: 4-5 g/dm3. The wines are red, light table wines for mass consumption. They have low acidity and low extract and that is why they are not appropriate for maturing and should be consumed young, right after fermentation and clarification.